Careful detailed planning
- Adapt the route to the season (snow conditions, daylight).
- Take notice of the weather forecast.
- Determine the length and level of difficulty of the mountain hike based on the fitness and skills of the weakest member of the group.
- Obtain information about current trail conditions from the locals.
- Start mountain tours in the early morning and calculate in enough time, plan alternative routes and how to turn back.
- Inform at least one person about your route and destination. Report back after your tour!
The weather can change very suddenly in the mountains. The right equipment is therefore vital:
- high mountain boots with a profiled rubber sole.
- Cater your clothing towards unexpected weather changes. Multi-layering principle; wear several thin layers instead of one thick jacket.
- Protection against the cold, a spare set of clothes, a hat, sun protection, sunglasses, wind and rain protection and possibly hiking poles.
- A backpack with wide correctly adjusted straps.
- Take plenty of provisions and drink with you.
- For emergencies: a pocket medicine kit, dressings, foil rescue blanket, torch, mobile phone.
- Do not leave the officially white-red-white marked mountain hiking trails.
- It is important to drink even if you don't feel thirsty.
- In the event of sudden bad weather do not take any risks and turn back early.
- Staying in the mountains during a thunderstorm can be very dangerous for hikers and climbers because of the many exposed areas and because of the rapidly changing weather.
- Take care on snowfields and in blind spots. Glissades can be very dangerous.
- Turn back early if the weather breaks or there are any other problems (for example feeling unwell).
- If you get lost: Stay together as a group and return to the last known point. In case of fog, wait until visibility improves and do not descend across unknown terrain.