Vals is a Walser-German-speaking enclave in the Romansh dominated Val Lumnezia (Valley of Light). The people of Vals migrated from Upper Valais some 700 years ago and settled in the highest alpine valleys of Grisons. The village centre is called Vals-Platz and lies at an altitude of 1,252 metres above sea level. Throughout the municipality of Vals you can still find many farms typical of Vals which in former times were inhabited in all year round. Today they are usually only used as spring and fall pastures. Besides Vals-Platz the only places that are still inhabited all year round are Camp, Leis, and Valé. As required by law for half a century, houses and barns are still roofed with stone tiles. And although a lot of new buildings have gone up in the past few years, there are parts of the village that still seem intact and undisturbed. In 2015 St. Martin (Lugnez) became part of the community of Vals.
Vals actually has 1,000 inhabitants. Of the gainfully employed section of the population, 8% work in agriculture and forestry, 33% in trade and industry, and 59% in the service sector.